Since its establishment by English colonists in 1639, Fairfield has had a rich and diverse history. Today the dramatic events and changing periods of Fairfield’s history are beautifully illustrated by the hundreds of historic properties that have been carefully preserved by private owners, heritage organizations and Town government.
The following links indicate the map locations, by Planning Area, of Fairfield’s important historic properties* and provide summary information on their historic and architectural value. Click on each district's link to view interactive maps noting the location of historic properties. Click on “details” for additional information on each property. Complete building surveys containing more detailed information on each property, as well as additional resources on Fairfield’s architectural heritage, are available at the Fairfield Museum and History Center’s research library.
*In 1988, the Fairfield Museum and History Center and the Town of Fairfield began a survey of Fairfield’s most important historic properties. Funded in part by the Commission on Culture & Tourism with federal funds provided by the Historic Preservation Fund of the National Park Service, US Department of the Interior, that survey documented more than 630 historic buildings and helped encourage a greater appreciation for the town’s architectural legacy. An additional survey was completed in 2009 that added hundreds more properties to the 1988 survey, including several important examples of 20th century architecture. This inventory of Fairfield’s historic properties is an evolving project and is not intended to be complete or comprehensive.
The contents and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Historic District Commission or the Department of the Interior, nor does the mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Commission or the Department of the Interior. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the U.S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, or handicap in its federally assisted programs. If you believe that you have been discriminated against in any program, activity, or facility described above, please write to: Office of Equal Opportunity, U.S. National Park Service, 1849 C Street, NW, Washington, DC 20240.